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Parliament, Bedrock Of Democracy

GANAPATHI BHAT, AKOLA

A country’s parliament frames law and monitors its implementation on a regular basis. The term ‘parliament’ is confined to parliamentary systems where the executive is dependent on the legislature, in contrast to presidency. The parliamentarians represent the people; they are expected to be faithful to their respective parliaments. Instructional it is to celebrate parliaments and their functioning while dissecting the dangers faced by several of them. A little bit of introspection would help the legislative body. Unicameral or bicameral, human rights and gender equality are inclusive agendas of Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) that fights for the cause of parliaments through diplomacy and dialogue. Disagreement and difference between the government and the Opposition, both a plus and a minus of a bicameral parliament, point to the energy and enthusiasm with which such systems function. Passing a law may prove to be a pain in the neck in a democratic set-up. But as former president Pratibha Patil once said, “Government and Opposition have a duty towards successful conduct of a parliament.” In as much as the world wants its parliaments to discharge duties without fear or favour, the parliamentarians themselves are duty-bound to protect the sanctity of the parliaments by redefining their priorities. Unstable governments, polarised votes, sectarian-based choices are pitfalls of a parliamentary democracy. The laws of the land, no doubt, do their best to show the right path to the parliamentarians, but the institute is definitely in a precarious state in many countries. It is time the stakeholders undertake a course correction to refurbish parliamentary democracy.
Irrespective of the so-called advantages of the presidency, the parliamentary system is here to stay for its transparency
and accountability.

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