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India’s Role In Afghan Peace Process

RAHUL KUMAR

With Chinese bellicosity reverberating across the world, South Asia is bracing for another jolt – the epicentre of which is neighbouring Afghanistan. The tremors from Kabul will pass through Islamabad and hit Delhi, yet their intensity is not known. To what extent is India prepared is a question mark.

It all began on February 29 when the US signed a deal with the Taliban in Doha, Qatar, to withdraw its forces from the war-torn country after almost 19 long years. Strangely it chose to leave out the elected Afghan government from a deal that impacts the future of Afghans. The peace deal between the US and Taliban remains a misnomer. Contrary to the spirit of the deal, the Taliban has increased attacks and the violence has engulfed the landlocked country right from the maternity ward of a hospital in Kabul to a gurdwara in prayers; from a funeral site in Nangarhar to a court in Paktia. And, not to mention dozens of Afghan security checkpoints where many hundreds of security personnel have died.

On its part, the Afghan government is implementing various provisions of the deal like the release of Taliban prisoners, and President Ashraf Ghani has committed to join the intra-Afghan talks in Doha. Doha is where the Taliban maintains its political office and where the US-Taliban deal had been negotiated this February. US’ Special Representative for Peace in Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad has been chasing diverse parties including Pakistan for the intra-Afghan talks, reducing violence and release of prisoners. In his recent talks with Afghan leaders, Khalilzad reinforced that peace in Afghanistan is equivalent to peace in the region and the US is ready to invest in this

sphere. However, going by the high levels of violence inflicted by the Taliban, the future looks bleak for the nation. It is not difficult to understand why the Taliban has stepped up its deadly attacks across the country. It is looking forward to an American withdrawal to enable a complete takeover of the country. The World Human Rights Watch Report has said that the Taliban’s widespread human rights abuses in areas under its control raise concerns about its willingness to adhere to future agreements.

Besides the two key nations – the US and Afghanistan, there always has been a high-stakes player – Pakistan, with its behind-the-scenes shelter and support to terror groups. In its efforts to control a resource-rich but unstable neighbour, it has played a pivotal role in keeping Afghanistan on the tenterhooks and vulnerable to attacks through battle-hardened terror groups. It has also put in considerable efforts to keep India at bay. Indian intervention in Afghanistan has been diametrically opposite Pakistan’s – it has pumped in $2 billion aid and assistance for the Afghan people to rebuild the war-ravaged country and promote democracy. India has built dams, power stations, roads, hospitals and trained Afghan people in various aspects of administration and security.

With unprecedented developments happening in Afghanistan, many including Khalilzad are urging India to talk to Taliban. This is a view which even Zamir Kabulov, Russia’s special presidential envoy for Afghanistan, holds. The million dollar question is – how does India view

the Taliban, which India has kept at an arm’s length for close to two decades now. India still looks at Afghanistan as a democratic country that elects a people’s government, while the Taliban is still viewed as a terror group, power hungry and a Pakistani stooge. Indian thinking

is still governed by the good old-fashioned theory of an ideal Afghanistan where all tribes come together to hold elections, where terror groups drop their arms and the Afghans climb up the  development charts with roads, dams, schools and hospitals with Indian support.

With unbelievable violence engulfing Afghanistan, this looks like an impossible reality. An Indian pipe dream. But what is still possible amidst these impossibilities is that India opens up a window to talk with the Taliban. The Taliban has made reconciliatory gestures towards India which have been surprising. It has already said that the revocation of Article 370 in Kashmir was an internal matter of India. And, it has said a couple of times that it is open to talks with India. In fact, even the Afghan government has indicated that India should join the intra-Afghan talks, as the country has always been supportive of peace in Afghanistan. It wants India to drop its opposition to the Taliban and lend strength to the peace process.

While calls for India’s role in the peace process echo from all sides, the only opposition has come from arch-enemy Pakistan, which is still busy playing its ‘running with the hare and hunting with the hounds’ game. Even as it poses with the US as an ally in the Afghan peace process, it has been sheltering and training various terror groups in attacking both Afghan and Indian interests. However, the good news for India is that the terror groups are mutating in the Afghan battlefield. While the Taliban is warming up to India, the formidable terror group, Haqqani Network, shares Pakistan’s line of thinking. 

The fast-paced developments in Afghanistan have left the field wide open for India to drop its nonchalance and join the talks, paving the way for a bigger Indian role once the US completely withdraws from the region. As the various players in the Afghanistan theatre know, India’s stand at the talks will only be from a point of peace and from a perspective of the Afghan people. We know that there are no permanent friends and no permanent enemies in international relations. People evolve, entities change but peace still remains a goal worth pursuing. India has pursued that goal for millions of Afghan people for long. It should not give up now.

                IANS

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