Following are ownership structures of some of Europe’s leading soccer clubs:
Listed on the stock market in Milan, the Agnelli family that founded the Fiat motor group remains the controlling shareholder at Juve, Italian champions for the past eight seasons.
Chinese electronics retailer Suning Commerce Group Co Ltd bought nearly 70% of Inter Milan for 270 million euros ($307 million) in 2016 in what was the highest-profile takeover of a European team by a Chinese firm.
U.S. hedge fund Elliott Management last year assumed control of indebted AC Milan and injected 50 million euros to help stabilize the finances of the former European champions whose previous owners include former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi.
Part of City Football Group (CFG), majority owned by Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan, with Chinese investors led by media and entertainment group CMC Inc holding around 12% and U.S. private equity film Silver Lake just over 10%.
Bought by the American Glazer family for 790 million pounds ($1 billion) in 2005. Listed on the New York Stock Exchange since 2012 but the Glazers retain majority ownership of the 20-times English champions. It has a current market valuation of around $3.25 billion.
The European champions and Premier League leaders have been owned since 2010 by the Fenway Sports Group after a 300 million pound deal. Fenway also owns the Boston Red Sox Major League Baseball team.
American billionaire and sports entrepreneur Stan Kroenke struck a deal to take full control of Arsenal in 2018 by buying out Russian rival Alisher Usmanov, valuing the English Premier League club at around $2.3 billion.
Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich bought the London club for a reported 140 million pounds in 2003 and they have since become a major force in the European game.
German champions are 75% owned by their fans, with sportswear brand Adidas, carmaker Audi and insurer Allianz all having stakes of 8.33% each.
The two Spanish clubs are owned by their fans through membership schemes. They regularly have the highest revenue of any European soccer clubs thanks to their commercial appeal.
PARIS ST GERMAIN
Owned by Qatar Sports Investments – established by the son of the emir and heir to the Qatari throne Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani – which bought a 70% stake in PSG in 2011.The remaining 30% was purchased from Colony Capital the following year.