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Creating More Jobs For Goan Youth

Goa’s Industries Minister Mahadev Naik has announced that government through Goa Investment Promotion Board (GIPB) has planned to make it mandatory for the industries in the state to compulsorily provide 80 per cent of total employment to Goans. The fear is unemployment is growing and could create unrest among the youth. Employment generation was one of the key issues which helped the Bharatiya Janata Party to come to power in 2012. The move is not a new idea. Luizinho Faleiro as chief minister in 1999 also made it mandatory for the industries to give 80 per cent of the total jobs to Goans to qualify for government incentives. Subsequent governments also made similar announcements but owing to resistance from industries and political indifference no action was taken to carry it out.
The onus is now on the GIPB to ensure its implementation. The modalities for making it compulsory for the industries have to be thoroughly drafted and executed. The previous government had linked the incentives or packages to the industries to 80 per cent employment to locals. Though the provisional registration was granted within 24 hours the final or permanent registration depended on the industries satisfying the norm of providing employment to locals. A similar arrangement in the IT policy through which the state government had sought to offer Rs 15,000 per year for every Goan employed in the IT industry.
There are over 1.20 lakh youth on the live registers of the two employments exchanges in the state. In the last two years government has emerged as the largest employer by providing employment to 3,497 youth while the private sector employed just 390 people whose names were referred by the employment exchanges. The employment exchanges send names of 30 people for every vacancy notified by either the government or by the private sector for consideration. Besides, the government as well as the private sector advertise the vacancies in the newspapers and even online and seek applications and there is every possibility of those not being referred but registered with the employment exchange getting selected in the government sector. It is not mandatory for the private sector to notify selection of the candidates to the employment exchange or the government. Every private sector industrial house employing over 25 people has to compulsorily notify vacancy created in it to the employment exchanges and failure could invite government action.
One of the reasons for the failure of the past attempts was non-availability of local skilled manpower to meet the requirements of the industries. The GIPB would have to either tie up with some organisations or with the state craftsmen training department to create the manpower to meet the requirement of the industries. The other option is to seek co-operation of the industrial houses setting up businesses in Goa to train local youth according to their needs. A few investors are already doing it. The recently announced national skill policy could also be used by the government and the private sector to establish skill centres.
One reason why Goan youth, especially those vying for the C and D category jobs in the private sector, do not seek jobs in the private sector is contractual employment. Most Goan youth prefer regular service and are ready to wait for their turn to get a government job than get employed in the private sector. The scenario for highly qualified youth is different who are ready to join the private sector even for contractual employment. It would be virtually impossible for the government to force the private sector to take up people on regular basis and discontinue contractual employment. The government and industries would have to sit across the table and sort out the issues to ensure that Goan youth has job security in the private sector too.
The government through the GIPB now has plans to approve projects to the industries promising to provide employment to 80 per cent local youth by inserting provisions of law. But before making it mandatory for the industry the government should identify the industries that would easily find trained manpower from the local institutions. Since training manpower and creating skilled manpower is a long drawn process the beginning for the same should be made at earliest. The initiative to arrest growing unemployment should be taken immediately so as to prevent any youth unrest. To achieve the goal some deeper engagement of the authorities is necessary and it would be necessary to find out which industries could employ Goan youth and only those industries that meet the local requirements should be approved and impediments faced by industrialists should be removed.

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