It is mango season, however, this year the mango season is lean, as less trees had fruits. This could be due to the unfavourable climatic conditions, according to local farmers. They said that, adverse weather conditions have impacted the production of the mangoes and to add to it the business has also gone due to the pandemic.
Mangoes make many mouths water, however the king of fruits is presently priced high and a single good quality big Mancurad is priced at around Rs 100, while Alphonso or Hapus is priced at Rs 50, a piece. The big size Mancurad is currently priced at around Rs 1000 to 1200 a dozen and small size are priced at around Rs 650 to 800 per dozen, while the Alphonso mangoes are priced at Rs 500 to 600 per dozen, according to the information available from the vendors.
The prediction is that the production of the mangoes during this season will be not be good as the unseasonal rains had adverse effect on the production of the mangoes. The cold spell is very much necessary for the good mango yield and this year there was good cold during the winter season due to which flowering of the mango trees was on time and normal, however there were rains after flowering which has affected the production, according to the information available from the sources.
A farmer said, “We were expecting a good mango season if not bumper production, however unseasonal rains have damaged the flowers and our production is less. In Goa there is demand for Goa Mancurad, however, outside the state there is demand for Ratnagiri Hapus. The mangoes which are about to ripe are plucked without damaging them and then, only the good mangoes which does not have any spot are selected and packed in wooden boxes.”
There are various varieties of mangoes in the state, like Musharad, Fernandin, Malgesh, Godo Amo, Bhisam etc and also various varieties of mangoes come from the neighbouring states of Goa like Hapus, Neelam, Totapuri, Pairy and Mankur of Maharshtra, however, the Goan Mankurad have remained the favorite of many in the state due to its delicious taste.
Local mangoes have already entered the various markets of the state and especially the Goan Mancurad known as the ‘King of the Mangoes’ have remained a favorite of many in the state and has retained its market demand irrespective of their high rates, said a vendor. He went on to say that there are various varieties of mangoes and also various varieties of mangoes come from the neighbouring states, however the taste of the Goan Mancurad is unique and the most delicious. The quality of the Goan Mancurad is also superior and so it has retained that position of King of Mangoes.
The rates of mangoes especially Mancurad are high because of the market demand and low supply of the mangoes at the beginning of the season. As the days advance and supply of the mangoes increase the rates will come down, according to the information available from the sources.
There is scope for improvement of the mango crop and intercropping in the mango plantations could be also carried out. To boost the agriculture in the state the government provides the farmers with various schemes and the young generation should take benefits from them and venture into agriculture business. Especially, the younger generation should come forward and take interest in the farming activities and work in this field.
“Our mango business has been badly impacted by the pandemic and unfavourable climatic conditions and this year the mango season is lean as the environmental conditions are not favourable due to which our business has gone down,” said a farmer.
While speaking a farmer said that the younger generation need to be encouraged to get involved in the agriculture job, especially mango plantation as mango is in good demand and that the government should come forward with some scheme which will encourage the younger generation to come into agriculture. “Today the young generation is shying from doing this hard work business since they are educated and this is not a very lucrative job. The government also should look into the various problems we are facing and solve our problems,” he added.
It may be noted that the people owning Mancurad trees especially the local variety of Mancurad (not the graft) have good demand and the traders who deal in mangoes pay lump sum money to the owner of the tree for plucking mangoes for the season and the owners of the Mancurad tree receives high income per mango tree for a season, depending upon the quality of the Mancurad mangoes, their size and number of raw mangoes.
In recent years there is increase in artificially ripened mangoes, especially Hapus variety being sold in the various markets so it is difficult for the common man to differentiate between naturally ripened mangoes and artificially ripened mangoes. Since the artificially ripened mangoes are being sold in the market some people prefer to buy mangoes from the known trusted vendor. A customer said that mangoes especially the Mancurad variety is in demand in the market due to their delicious taste, and this variety of Goan Mancurad is also high priced and if we go to see in the various markets when the Goan Mancurad variety mangoes initially enter the market, are priced very high, however, this year the rates are still high.
There are various size boxes which include 72, 80, 84 and 96 mangoes storage capacity boxes and once the boxes are packed a local dealer comes and collect the boxes from farmer and another dealer from Mumbai collects the mango boxes and from Mumbai the mangoes may be sold locally and also exported to various countries. The other rejected mangoes which have some spots are sold for low rate. It may be noted that Hapus mangoes does not get good rate in Goa as people prefer to purchase Mancurad mangoes grown in Goan soil.