India, on Thursday, said that it has accorded the “highest priority” to getting permanent membership in an expanded UN Security Council that reflects contemporary global realities.
The Minister of State for External Affairs V Muraleedharan said that India is actively engaged in the ongoing inter-governmental negotiations on reform of the powerful body at the UN, and has been working alongside other like-minded countries and groupings.
Muraleedharan was replying to a question in the Rajya Sabha on whether the government was making serious efforts to acquire a permanent seat for India at the UN Security Council (UNSC).
“Government has accorded the highest priority to getting permanent membership for India in an expanded UN Security Council that reflects contemporary global realities,” he said.
“India in collaboration with other pro-reform countries has been consistently making efforts to build support among the UN member states for expansion of the UNSC, in both permanent and non-permanent categories,” the minister said. On Wednesday, the grouping of India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA) expressed “frustration” over the “slow” pace of progress on reform of the UN Security Council and said the time has come to move towards a result-oriented process to expand the key global body.
The three countries, in a joint statement, strongly called for expediting reform of the UNSC, saying any failure to do so may have serious implications for international peace
At present, the UNSC comprises five permanent members and 10 non-permanent member countries which are elected for a two-year term by the General Assembly of the
The five permanent members are Russia, the UK, China, France and the United States and these countries can veto any substantive resolution. There has been growing demand to increase the number of permanent members to reflect the contemporary global reality.
India, Brazil, South Africa, Germany and Japan are strong contenders for permanent membership of the UNSC which has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.
Muraleedharan said that there was a section in the UN that supports expansion only in the non-permanent category and is opposed to an expansion of permanent membership.
“The question of India’s permanent membership of the UNSC would be considered only after an agreement on the nature and extent of expansion of the Council is arrived at in accordance with the provisions of the UN Charter which requires approval by two-third of the membership of the UN,” he said.