Mangoes make many mouths water, however the king of fruits is presently priced high with a single, good quality big Mancurad priced at around Rs 100, while Alphonso or Hapus is priced at Rs 50 a piece.
The big size Mancurad is currently priced at Rs 1200 to 1600 a dozen and small size are priced at around Rs 900 per dozen, while the Alphonso mangoes are priced at Rs 600 to 700 per dozen, according to the information available from the vendors.
The prediction is that the production of the mangoes during this season will be not very good as the unseasonal rains had effect on the crop. The cold spell is very much necessary for the good mango yield and this year there was good cold during the winter season due to which flowering of the mango trees was on time and normal. However there was a spell of rains after the flowering which affected the production, according to growers.
A farmer, Sandip Nhanji said, “We were expecting a good mango season if not bumper production as the climatic conditions were favourable this year. However unseasonal rains have damaged the flowers and our production will be less than 50 percent.” He said that, local demand is for the Mancurad, but outside the state the demand is for Ratnagiri Hapus and so we have gone for more Hapus plantation.
At Nhanji’s farm, the mangoes which are about to ripe are being plucked without damaging them and great care is being taken to select good mangoes which does not have any spot for packing in wooden boxes.”
Nhanji reveals that, earlier during the season they used to export some 700 patis (boxes) of mangoes, however this season the export of the mangoes has severely declined and it will come down to 300 to 350 boxes by the end of the season. He went to say that the mangoes which are exported are of good quality. “There should not be any kind of spot on the mangoes otherwise there are chances that the whole lot is going to be rejected,” he said. Nhanji’s whole family works in the mango and cashew orchard spread over 27 acres of land in Pernem taluka. A rejection of the consignment in the export market affects the family significantly.
He points out that, if the market is slow also for Ratnagiri Hapus and some Payari variety of mangoes then it does not cause much loss to growers as the ripe Hapus does not get spoil for 8 to 10 days. But the Mancurad gets spoiled in three-four days and due to this the farmers plant more than Hapus trees than the Mancurad plants if they are into the export business. If the business is limited to Goa then Mancurad is more in demand and profitable, according to the information available from growers.
Farmers pack the fruit in various size boxes which have a storage capacity of 72, 80, 84 and 96 fruit. Once the boxes are packed a dealer from Vengurla, Maharashtra comes and collects the boxes. The dealer collects the mango boxes and sales are sometimes locally or exported to various countries. The rejected mangoes which have some spots are sold for low rate which is around Rs 30 per kg at Vengurla. “The Hapus mangoes does not get good rate in Goa as people prefer to purchase Mancurad mangoes,” said the farmer.
There are various varieties of mangoes in the state, like Musharad, Fernandin, Malgesh, Godo Amo, Bhisam etc and also various varieties of mangoes come from the neighbouring states of Goa like Hapus, Neelam, Totapuri, Pairy and Mankur of Maharashtra however, the Goan Mankurad have remained the favorite of many in the state due to its delicious taste.
The Goan mangoes have already entered the various markets of the state and especially the Mancurad known as the ‘King of the Mangoes’ have remained a favorite of many in the state and has retained its market demand irrespective of their high rates, said a vendor. He went on to say that there are various varieties of mangoes in the state and also various varieties come from the neighbouring states, however the taste of the Mancurad is unique and it is the most delicious and superior in quality which is why it has retained that position of King of Mangoes.
The rates of mangoes especially Mancurad are high because of the market demand and low supply. It is beginning of the season and supply is tight. But as the season advances and the supply increases the rates are expected to come down, according to the traders.
The people owning Mancurad trees especially the local variety of Mancurad (not the graft) have good demand and the traders who deal in mangoes pay lump sum money to the owner of the tree for plucking of the fruit. Owners of the Mancurad tree receives high income of more than Rs 15,000 per tree for a season, depending upon the quality of the fruit, their size and number of raw mangoes.
While speaking a farmer said that the younger generation need to be encouraged to get involved in the agriculture job, especially as mango plantation are profitable. “The government should come forward with some scheme which will encourage the younger generation to come into agriculture. We see today that the young generation is shies from doing this hard work business since they are educated. The government also should look into the various problems we are facing and solve our problems,” he added.
There is scope for improvement of the mango crop and intercropping in the mango plantations could be encouraged. To boost the agriculture in the state the government provides the farmers with various schemes and the young generation should take benefits from them and venture into agriculture business.
A customer said that mangoes especially the Mancurad variety is in demand in the market of Goa due to their delicious taste, and this variety is also high priced. “If we go to see in the various markets when the Mancurad mangoes initially enter the market they are priced very high. However their rates come down when more mangoes enter the markets and I am hoping that there is good production of mangoes this year especially the Mancurad so that their rates come down,” said the customer.
In recent years there is increase in artificially ripened mangoes, especially Hapus variety being sold in the various markets of the state and it is difficult for common man to differentiate between naturally ripened mangoes and artificially ripened mangoes. Since the artificially ripened mangoes are being sold in the market some people prefer to buy mangoes from only the known trusted vendor.