Monday , 20 May 2019
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Health hazards of obesity

We put on weight because of our bad lifestyle, and this weight is very difficult to reduce. How many of you are really worried about your weight? Do you follow a proper diet and exercise regime to reduce those extra kilos?

Listed below are few of the many health problems that you face if you don’t shed off those extra kilos:

  • Obesity is often associated with hyperinsulinemia (increased insulin in blood), which automatically decreases insulin receptors, making our body insulin resistant. Due to this, cells can’t uptake glucose and the blood glucose level starts rising, causing hyperglycaemia. If this is not taken care of, it will turn into diabetes.
  • Too much insulin in the blood also decreases the excretion of sodium by the kidneys. Non excreted sodium then stacks up in the blood and absorbs more water. Too much water retention causes oedema, which will put pressure on your heart, causing an increased blood pressure. This can ultimately result in hypertension.
  • When your weight increases, there is an increase in the number and size of adipose cells (tissue that store body fat is known as adipose tissue and an individual cell of this tissue is called adipose cell). This means more fat is getting stored in the body, which will increase triglycerides and cholesterol levels. Increased cholesterol settles in the gall bladder. Too much of cholesterol gathers and forms stones in the bladder called gallstones.
  • When your adiposity (fat in adipose tissue) increases near the chest area, it limits the movement of the chest wall, making breathing difficult. This means more of carbon dioxide remains in the body, which results in lethargy, drowsiness and breathing difficulty during sleep. Due to this, heart/cardiac enlargement is seen which results in Congestive Cardiac Failure (CCF).
  • Too much weight puts extra burden on weight bearing joints, leading to osteoarthritis.
  • Obese people generally have high uric acid levels. Improper diet or a very low calorie diet produces ketone bodies. This interferes with uric acid excretion and the uric acid crystals get settled in the joints, causing gout.
  • When there is too much fat accumulated near the legs, the leg muscles fail to contract efficiently. This makes the return flow of blood from veins to heart very difficult. Blood starts gathering in the leg veins, making them swell and harden and resulting in varicose veins.

These are just a few health problems that may affect you along with your obesity. So it’s never too late to start, follow a proper diet and exercise regime to reduce your weight and keep all those problems at bay.