Most of the groundnuts in the state comes from outside Goa as the production done by the farmers in the state is generally not on very large scale, discovers Bhiva P Parab
The groundnuts which were once commonly cultivated in several villages of the state has shown decrease as some farmers are not going for cultivation as it requires hard work and after hard work also several times the wild animals damage the groundnuts crops causing loss to the farmers. During the last couple of years the production of groundnuts is decreasing in the state as some farmers are moving out of the groundnuts cultivation.
A shopkeeper who sales groundnuts in the city said that most of the groundnuts in the state comes from outside Goa from places like Kholapur and Belagavi as the production done by the farmers in the state is generally not on very large scale and several state farmers use their production of groundnuts for removing oil for self consumption.
The production of groundnuts in the state of Goa during the year 2012-13 was 7469 tons while estimated area under groundnuts cultivation was 3108 hectares, while in the year 2013-14 the production decreased 6590 tons while the estimated area under the groundnuts cultivation also decreased to 2591 hectares and in the year 2014 – 15 the production further came down to 4311 tons and the estimated area under the groundnuts cultivation also further decreased to 2271 hectares in the year 2014-15, according to the information available from the agricultural department sources.
Some farmers are going for vegetable cultivation, where they earlier used to cultivate groundnuts as cultivation of vegetables like ladies fingers and others is easier and the farmers have to put less hard work and also it is profitable, according to the information available from the sources.
A farmer said that we have to put in hard work for groundnuts cultivation and generally two to three ploughings followed by two harrowings is done to bring the soil to a fine tilth and deep ploughing is advantageous in rainfed areas because of better retention of moisture and improvement in soil porosity and then seeds are sowed and labourers are required to remove weed as weeds cause maximum damage to the crop and improper weed control is critical constraint affecting groundnut yields and it is difficult to get labourers these days and they are costly and after doing all these hard work there is no guarantee that we will get good yield as the wildlife such as peacock and wild boars cause damage to the groundnuts crop.
The farmer also said that earlier where we were cultivating groundnuts now 50 percent of that area we are cultivating vegetables mainly ladies fingers as cultivation of vegetables requires less hard work and the vegetables are ready in less time than the groundnuts and the vegetables comes out to be profitable then groundnuts.
While another farmer said that in our village of Paliem almost the groundnuts cultivation have stopped due to the hard work involved, high labour cost and damage done to the crop by the wildlife. To boost the groundnuts cultivation in the state, the government has provided the farmers with subsidized seed, however it seems that this scheme is not boosting groundnuts cultivation in the state.