PANAJI: The health department officials have warned the state public to be wary of the water-borne and vector-borne diseases along with diseases caused by viral infections that normally increase during the rainy season.
A senior health official said that water-borne diseases such as typhoid, jaundice, diarrhoea and food poisoning were common during the rainy season. He also said that there was also an increase in the vector-borne diseases like malaria, dengue, chikungunya, Japanese Encephalitis during the rainy season.
The senior health official further stated that many viral infections were also recorded during this time of the monsoon season and many people were affected by conjunctivitis, besides suffering from acute respiratory infections.
People should maintain top level hygiene during this period, said the health official adding that hands should be washed properly with soap and clean water. He went on to add that vegetables used for cooking should also be washed well before cooking and that fruits too should be properly washed before consumption. “As far as possible, people should refrain from eating raw food items,” said the official adding that those cooking food also should adhere to maintaining top level hygienic conditions.
The health official further said that people should consume boiled water, which should be boiled for at least 20 minutes to kill the eggs of the germs that spread the water-borne diseases. Besides, he said that it was important to prevent water stagnation in and around the houses, offices, workplaces, etc which helps breeding of mosquitoes that spread the vector-borne diseases.
People should also ensure that water, even in smaller quantity, was not accumulated in discarded utensils, tyres, etc around their houses as it normally facilitates breeding of mosquitoes causing dengue and chikungunya. The health official further said that heavy rains were a blessing in disguise as they help in washing away eggs and larvae of the mosquitoes that cause vector-borne diseases. He, however, said that people and authorities should ensure that water did not remain accumulated as it would facilitate breeding of mosquitoes.