The industries operating in the state have given thumbs down to the government proposal to make obtaining no-objection certificate from the labour and employment department mandatory before seeking recruits from outside the state. The government proposal came in the wake of a number of firms recently participating in a job fair in Sawantwadi. The private sector’s view is that the average Goan job-seeker prefers government job forcing them to hire hands from outside the state. There are over 1.20 lakh persons on the live registers of the state employment exchange but a large number of them do not seek employment in private companies. The reluctance on the part of the state youth to join private sector can partly be attributed to the state politicians, as they have been promising government jobs to their supporters and even offering to some of them. Politicians use young persons in their constituencies for the advancement of their careers. They use them especially during elections to campaign and canvass for them. Politicians assure them government jobs if they are elected.
Even if they get employed in the private sector the young people prefer to retain their names in the live registers of the employment exchanges so as to qualify for government job as and when there is opportunity. Representatives of private companies say that the cases of a Goan joining a private company and then leaving for a government job are very common. Rather than pampering their supporters with government jobs, the politicians should motivate them to take up employment in the private sector where most jobs are being generated. Government departments need to downsize themselves as the controls of the economy are being relaxed. The politicians should encourage employment of Goan youth in the private sector also because increasing employment of workers from outside is threatening to change the demography of the state, a trend that needs to be arrested.
The government proposal to put checks on the private sector’s recruitment from other states has been found impractical by the companies. They plead that the live registers of the employment exchange are not live at all, as the names of persons are not removed even after they do not respond to calls and may have found employment elsewhere. So the same names keep on rolling when the private sector asks for them. In order to address the problem, the government needs to make the officials of the employment exchange work harder and keep cleaning up the live registers. If the government wants the companies to first seek Goan applicants for their vacancies they should provide new names to them, and not the same names that have been circulating for years. The second point of the companies is that the NOC from government may take an indefinite time. To address this problem, the government should fix a short timeline for grant of NOC, so that the companies do not have to wait for ages for an NOC.
However, the government would be doing its job as guardian of Goan youth’s interests only partially if it puts the blame entirely on the companies. The government must also create awareness among Goan students and youth to motivate them to look for employment in the private sector. Goan youth prefer 9 to 5 jobs with two weekly offs and other holidays and are not ready to work in shift, which is one of the criteria for getting employed in the private sector. The government has to think how to change this attitude. One of the long-pending requirements in this regard has been good public transport till late in the night. In Mumbai people do not mind working late nights or night shifts because there is rail and road transport available. Companies cannot be expected to provide transport to the entire workforce. The government should expand and diversify skilling according to the projected needs of the industries operating in the state. Though the government has been promising to start courses that would meet the needs of the industries in the state, the absence of trained manpower indicates that the promises were hollow. Though the government promised incentives to the private companies employing 80 per cent of their staff from among the locals, many companies tend to go on their own rather than seek the incentives for various reasons. The Goa Chamber of Commerce and Industry feels that such provisions appear good on paper but are difficult to implement. One of the grievances of Goans is that many private companies offer low salaries. The government should address this grievance.